Monday, September 30, 2013

Steven Spielberg's "War Horse"??? How about "The Cyclist" Canadian Corps Cyclist Battalion's Nelson A. Zettergreen?

The Cyclist

Nelson A. Zettergreen
 Canadian Corps Cyclist Battalion

Date of Birth: June 17, 1897
 Age at enlistment: 18
Age at Death: 21
 April 7, 1919

Vancouver's Mountain View Cemetery


Federal Minister Clifford Sifton, who coined the phrase of "Stalwart Peasant" to bring European immigrants to northern farm lands, was also responsible for creating the Brutinel Brigade:
Brigadier-General Raymond Brutinel In 1918 Brutinel's force consisted of 1st and 2nd Canadian Motor MG Brigades (each of 5x8 gun batteries), Canadian Cyclist battalion, one section of medium trench-mortars mounted on lorries (plus an assumed wireless and medical support). This totalled 80 machine guns and about 300 cyclist infantry.

Canadian Corps Cyclist Battalion was part of a force during the "Last 100 Days" called "The Independant Force" , also known as "Brutinel's Brigade". Under the command of Brig.Gen. R. Brutinel this group was comprised of the 1st & 2nd Canadian Motor Machine Gun Brigades , Trench Motors , Cavalry and the Cyclists.

Google Search Criteria: Condensed History of the Canadian Corps Cyclist Battalion
  Dedicated to the Study of the Canadian Expeditionary Force The Great War of 1914 - 1919

Cyclist Summary

Page 2 of 5
 Moran, John E. (Secretary) Canadian Corps Cyclist Battalion Association 1914 – 1918. Handbook, Toronto, Ontario, November, 1941
Author of Cyclist Summary Document:  Wendy Kimmel


Mounted Troops
Recruiting poster for the 48th (South Midland) Division Cyclist Company


The movie, "The Cyclist" should be made here in Hollywood North, Metro Vancouver where there's plenty of Moonbeam cyclists available as extras.

Thursday, September 19, 2013

Caligraphy "Letter F" for "Farmers, in general, are more familiar with horses than other classes of farm live stock."

This may sound like a lead up to "Animal Farm"or "Oklahoma", but why oh why are BC Government Reports so plain jane, spun off from a computer, when there's the Real Thing, hand crafted from the early 1900s.


Horse Raising
ARMERS in general are more familiar with horses than with any other class of farm live stock.  They are kept on almost every farm either to perform work, to breed from, or both.  They furnish the motive power that operates the various farm implements and machinery.  It is impossible to farm successfully under present conditions without them.  There have been men in recent years who have endeavoured to eliminate the horse entirely from farming operations, and to perform all their work by machinery.  These men have failed to accomplish what they set out to do.  The power outfits are good in their place, but they have not as yet supplanted, and are not likely to supplant, the horse for general farm work.

F is for "Farmers, as a whole..."
".............and in some case enabling them to market their produce."

D is for "During the Summer of 1920 ... "









What would 1979 Nobel Peace recipient Mother Teresa say to Quebec Premier Pauline Marois' Values Charter?

There is no Value to the Values Charter.

Quote one of her many Quotes?

Will Quebec's Values Charter bar religious orders (and especially symbols, the veils) from working in publicly funded hospitals?

Will the Nunnery become None? 

Mother Teresa 1979 Nobel Peace recipient

Friday, September 13, 2013

Chicken Feathers!!!!! You say? Superheated chicken feathers? ... to hold vast amounts of Hydrogen?

The Source who gave us the idea for the Nelson "Galvania"  Iron Fertilizer Post, says we should start counting our chickens, REAL chickens, because there's more money to be made out of using discarded Chicken Feathers than the BC Liberal Government's LNG plan of creating a Trillion Dollars worth of Royalties in Fifty years, and wiping out our provincial debt in Fifteen years.

The BC Liberals are after the Black Gold of Coal, Natural Gas, and Tar Sands.

We say"    Chicken Feathers!!!
Chicken feathers may help cars use hydrogen fuel in the future. The feathers would not be the fuel, but they could help store it, new research reveals.

Richard Wool, director of the Affordable Composites from Renewable Resources program at the University of Delaware in Newark has this to say:
.... Wool and his colleagues say that super heated chicken feather fibers could hold vast amounts of hydrogen. They first looked at chicken feathers because they are extraordinarily cheap — the United States alone generates some 6 billion pounds of the feathers per year.

"It actually costs the poultry industry money to get rid of these feathers, so they're basically for free," Wool told LiveScience.

Chicken feather fibers are mostly composed of keratin, the same protein found in nails, scales, claws and beaks. When carefully heated for precise times to specific temperatures, the carbon-rich surfaces that result on the fibers attract hydrogen, somewhat like how activated charcoal filters can pull out impurities from liquids or gases. The heating process can also form hollow tubes between the fibers, strengthening their structure, and make them become more porous, boosting their surface area and thus their capacity to store gas. One can then pump gas into the fibers and store it at high pressure, and to release the gas, one just depressurizes it or raises the temperature.
Wool estimated that when using carbonized chicken feather fibers to store hydrogen, it would take a 75-gallon tank to go 300 miles in a car. His team is working to improve that range.

In addition to hydrogen storage, Wool and his colleagues are working on ways to transform chicken feather fibers into a number of other products, including hurricane-resistant roofing, lightweight car parts and bio-based computer circuit boards. Indeed, other researchers have suggested that chicken feathers could become common in clothing in the future.

H. Maxwell, ENGLAND


Some feathers, no doubt, are dried and stuffed haphazardly into odd cushions and pillows and so prove not entirely unprofitable, but the majority seldom get farther than the rubbish bin or fire. Yet, properly treated, all kinds of feathers are as money-making, in proportion, as good laying hens.

Some idea of the earning possibilities of feathers can be gathered from the fact that from 1920 - 1925 nearly £600,000 was spent on importing them. To-day that figure is probably half as much again for a shorter period.

It is perhaps not generally realized the diversity of purposes for which feathers are used, and this may in part account for lack of consideration of their moneymaking possibilities. The millinery trade still demands large stocks, whilst the fancy-goods merchants use tremendous quantities of all kinds of feathers. Manufacturers of artists' brushes, fishing-tackle, pipe-cleaners, are among those who depend upon the poultry-farm for their raw material in the shape of feathers. In preparing feathers for selling, each class of poultry should be kept apart. Duck and geese feathers fetch the best prices. Fowls and turkeys come next. White feathers fetch more than coloured ones, and the best time for marketing is during the summer and early autumn. In spring and at Christmas prices are lower. SNIPPED, PLUCKED
Page 2,
 Closing paragraphs to "Use of Feathers":

Most women consider that quilts of any kind demand " down," and few would attempt to make such items from the more easily obtained coarser feathers. This is a pity, because quite good quilts can be made out of stripped body-feathers alone. An extremely simple method of making quilts is to do them in the form of small bags, afterwards covering them and sewing them together.

Cut some length of  "down" proof sateen or cambric 2 inches long and 6 inches wide, seam and fill with feathers, afterwards sewing them up cushionwise. The size is a matter of convenience and taste, but the above is suggested as it holds the feathers from one hen and is therefore a guide.  For a quilt suitable for baby cot or buggy, six such bags are necessary. The great advantage about such quilts is that they can be added to indefinitely with very little trouble or time. 

For making a full-sized quilt, forty-five bags would be necessary and 7 yards of material would be required.

Saturday, September 7, 2013

"DilBit": A Petroleum Industry Code for Dill Pickle appetizers or Diluted Bitumen

Dill Pickle Appetizers

Google Search Criteria:  Diluted Bitumen 

If a Phyllis Fox were to place railway companies in Canada involving the transportation of  DilBits under her "microscope", then perhaps the Lac-Megantic's disaster would have been prevented.

Wikipedia:  Dissecting the Lac-Megantic's remains after a "visit" from MM&A train wrecking crew, this Link  includes the starting point of the tankers, and the final destination refinery in Saint John, New Brunswick.

The oil, shipped by World Fuel Services subsidiary Dakota Plains Holdings Incorporated from New Town, North Dakota, originated from the Bakken formation.  The destination was the Irving Oil Refinery in Saint John, New Brunswick.  Shipment of the oil was contracted to Canadian Pacific Railway (reporting mark CPR), which transported the oil on CPR tracks from North Dakota to the CPR yard in Côte Saint-Luc, a suburb of Montreal.  CPR sub-contracted MMA to transport the oil from the CPR yard in Côte Saint-Luc to the MMA yard in Brownville Junction. CPR also sub-contracted New Brunswick Southern Railway (reporting mark NBSR) to transport the oil from the MMA yard in Brownville Junction to the final destination at the refinery in Saint John.  - Wikipedia

Finding a Phyllis Fox Report on the use of railway tankers to haul DilBits to a Valero Refinery, north of San Francisco, was NOT on our agenda, when we started our search in late August.   DilBits was neither on our short list nor the long lists.  It was an unknown entity.

We started out with a Google search for other sources on the intensity of the rail tankers fire: 
HydroCracking chemicals railway tankers CPR
HydroCracking rather than Hydraulic Fracking, because it's not as well known by the Public

CPR because it's the main player in the shipment of Bakken Crude oil.

The Google Search came up with Golden Nugget of data.  Second page of Ten Google hits, Second Hit:

Reports - Switchboard, from NRDC -
The pollutants in the diluent blended with these DilBit crudes and in the light sweet shale crudes include significant amounts of hazardous air pollutants, such as.

The Valero Benicia Refinery (Refinery) is proposing to import certain unidentified "North American sourced crude oils" to the Refinery by railroad (Project).  The City of Benicia has issued a draft Initial Study/Mitigated Negative Declaration (IS/MND) 1 for this Project.

I (Phyllis Fox)(Ph.D, PE, BCEE, QEP, REA II Environmental Management) was asked to review the IS/MND and prepare comments on the impact of the imported crude on air emissions from the Refinery.  My analyses , presented below, indicate the subject "North American sourced crudes " that would be imported by rail are likely to include Canadian tar sand crudes blended with diluent or "DilBits". These have the potential to increase emissions compared to the current crude slate, which would result in potentially significant impacts not disclosed in the IS/MND.

The "North American sourced crudes "may also include light sweet shale oil crudes, such as Bakken, which also have the  potential to increase emissions, and result in significant environmental impacts, compared  to the current crude slate. The pollutants in the diluent blended with these  DilBit crudes and in the light sweet shale crudes include significant  amounts of hazardous air pollutant such as benzene, a potent carcinogen. These would be emitted at many fugitive component impacts not disclosed at the Refinery, including compressors, pumps, valves, fittings, and tanks, in greater amounts than from other crudes that are currently being refined or have otherwise been proposed.  SNIPPED
  Valero Benicia Refinery

IS/MND   Initial Study/Mitigated Negative Declaration

Valero Improvement Project (VIP)

 Crude by Rail Project

Environmental Impact Report (EIR)

Phyllis Fox, Ph.D, PE, BCEE, QEP, REA II  Environment Management
30 page CV (curriculum vitae) aka Bio

C. What Crude Will Be Imported By Rail?

Refining generates emissions. The type and amount of emissions depend upon the chemical characteristics of the specific crudes included in the slate. The central question that must be answered to determine environmental impacts of the Crude by Rail Project is what crude(s) will be imported by rail, and what crude(s) will replace them, for the life of the Project. This is not disclosed in the IS/MND, presenting a mystery for reviewers.

In fact, the IS/MND goes to great lengths to not identify the crudes that would be imported, quoting only ranges in two parameters -- sulfur content and API gravity -- which are irrelevant to potential impacts. The IS/MND claims nothing would change except the mode of transportation, from ship to rail. It ignores all impacts related to the crude itself. Thus, the IS/MND is asserting a claim that is inconsistent with the massive refinery upgrade and expansion currently underway. The VIP heavy sour crude expansion would not be built if Valero was really planning to sweeten and lighten up its crude slate. Further, the IS/MND claims as confidential all information that one could potentially use to identify these crudes, including crude quality data, process flow diagrams, and critical support for the emission calculations. ATC, Appx. A, B.  SNIPPED

As to the quality of metal work in the Valero Refinery, and quite possibly Irving's, there's this on Page 37



The Benicia Refinery was built before current American Petroleum Institute (API) standards were developed to control corrosion and before piping manufacturers began producing carbon steel in compliance with current metallurgical codes. While some of Benicia's metallurgy was updated as part of the VIP, metallurgy used throughout much of the Refinery is likely not adequate to handle the unique chemical composition of tar sands crudes without significant upgrades. There is no assurance that required metallurgical upgrades would occur as they are very expensive and not required by any regulatory framework. Experience with changes in crude slate at the nearby Chevron Refinery in Richmond suggest required metallurgical upgrades are ignored, leading to catastrophic accidents.  The IS/MND is silent on corrosion issues and metallurgical conditions of the Refinery.

Tankers hauling the DilBit should be a cause of concern, a "pickle", that the Petroleum industry, and Governments, now find themselves in.

In British Columbia alone, when it comes to Refineries, and keeping in mind Black and his Backers for a new Refinery in Kitimat:

1976                                                Convert m3/d to bbl/d
Page 5 of 29 Commissioning
Gulf Oil                   Port Moody    232.09 bbl/d (36.9 m3/d)

Imperial Oil             Ioco  1914      218.89 bbl/d  (34.8 m3/d)

Shell Oil                  Burnaby        130.20 bbl/d (20.7m3/d)

Chevron Oil            Burnaby           35.5m3/d

Gulf Oil                  Kamloops         7.9m3/d

Pacific Petroleum   Taylor              15.0m3/d

Union Oil               Prince George   7.6m3/d


Commissioned in 1935
Burnaby Refinery, Burnaby, (Chevron Corporation), 52,000 bbl/d (8,300 m3/d)

Commissioned in 1967
Prince George Refinery, Prince George, (Husky Energy), 12,000 bbl/d (1,900 m3

Friday, September 6, 2013

What is this

Built-in Upper  Corner Cabinet   20" X 30"

Red Cedar cabinet

Red Cedar Frame

Red Cedar Door Frame

Black Walnut Panel (loose) in Door frame

UPDATE  September 13, 2013

With the assistance of three Artists:  Tom Carter, Joe Cash and Guy Moonan Woods, the latter thinks the corner cabinet is an Eastern Canadian piece for the late 18th or 19th century.  The folk Chip Carving was likely done some time later as a winter project.

The Artists have only seen the same photos that are posted here.   To be clear, the Chip Carving panel was inserted into the door frame dado and then the hand cut Mortise and Tenon joints were glued together (horse glue).

"Dots", various size of dots, are gouged out from the surface of the Black Walnut Panel

"Four-some" clock-wise or counter clock-wise Scratch marks on Red Cedar Door Frame, no two lines are the same

Petals are like Snowflakes, no two are the same

1910 or earlier

Vancouver BC

MacKenzie Heights

White dots, which have now been removed, are spider droppings