Sunday, February 7, 2016

"This Government does not subscribe to the principle of toll-bridges." - W.A.C. Bennett's takes a different path than BC Liberals Christy Clark

Just last week Premier Christy Clark was in her home Riding of Kelowna (West Bank) selling votes, telling jokes, and Bill Bennett believers agreed, that HIS pet project of the 1980's Restraint Program was designed so that Todays BC Liberals COULD spend $9 Billion of his money building Site C.  No sound financial reason offered by the BC Liberals to the Bennett Elders.

There's the possibility that Christy Clark's plan is to re-name the Peace River Dam to W.R.Bennett which will permit Site C to be named B.R. Bennett    Dam ..............Triple Crown Dams.  .... as in Government 'Crown' ..... not the gambling racehorse variety that plays out at Fort St. John's Agricultural designated land.

Brad Bennett for Premier???

 Brad Bennett, Grandson of W.A.C. Bennett, Son of Bill Bennett,  is Mr. BC Hydro

BC Hydro Chair

Rafe Mair disagrees with Premier Christy Clark's pep talk last week of Bill Bennett wanting Site C built.

Would Yesterday's W.A.C. Bennett, like to stand today, and repeat these words to Premier Christy Clark, in public?
This Government does not subscribe to the principle of toll-bridges. When we took office, the construction of a limited number of toll-bridges was considered necessary in order to provide immediately an adequate highway system throughout the Province.

This Government announced as firm policy last year the abolition of tolls as soon as possible. This administration will recommend the removal of tolls on the Agassiz-Rosedale, Okanagan, Nelson, and First and Second Narrows Bridges by April 1st next to permit free public use. The total cost of building these five bridges was $48,263,369, which will be completely paid off by April 1st. Ownership of these bridges will be transferred to the Province and maintained by the Highways Department along with other toll-free Provincial structures.

I draw the attention of honourable members to the fact that the multiple-lane Port Mann Bridge -- the Trans-Canada highway crossing of the Fraser River above New Westminster which will cost $23,000,000 when completed this year -- will be free of tolls, although the Federal Government is sharing only one-half of the cost of a two-lane structure. I would also point out that in order to obtain such limited Federal participation for the Port Mann Bridge, the Provincial Government was required to repay fully funds paid by the National Government to a previous Provincial administration with respect to the Pattullo Bridge coincident with the removal of tolls therefrom. Despite this, it is the policy of this that both the Port Mann and Pattullo Bridges be free from toll British Columbia Toll Highways and Bridges Authority over the decade since its inception, this self-supporting Crown corporation has provided seven Mainland toll structures and more recently has streamlined and revitalized transportation facilities in the Gulf of Georgia.

Whatever happened to the assets of the British Columbia Toll Highways and Bridges Authority?

Used to balance the BC Liberals Budgets????????

The Justin Trudeau Election Promise of Transportation Infrastructure spending ... similar to his family, political, financial building blocks

On a tip from ourselves to Norman Farrell at In-Sights he produced his April 9, 2015 Post: Canadian Elites.  Norman didn't include the possibility that Justin Trudeau would achieve his exalted position as our Prime Minister on October 19, 2015.   With promises of cash infusion for transportation, along with all his other election promises, he won a majority.  However, with 20-20 hindsight today, its interesting to note that the promise to promote public transportation, is graphically similar to our Cape Horn Interchange at the Port Mann Bridge, and to his interchanges with other politicians.

If someone could be of assistance here, and using 'Pierre Elliot Trudeau' as a starting point in creator J.J. McCullough's diagram below, has the Trudeau family dynasty been expanded, and in which directions?

 Norman Farrell:
Canadian Elites   -  As the creator J.J. McCullough says, this is not evidence of a conspiracy or of sinister intentions. However, it demonstrates:

"...for at least the last five decades or so Canada has been a remarkably elitist country, in which a very small group of inter-connected families, business associates, and political allies, have controlled most institutions of relevance..."

Answer: 45 degrees to the South East of Pierre

Friday, February 5, 2016

Will BC Liberals Expropriate IPP properties to balance Site C Budgets, before 2017 or afterwards?

In light of the fact that the BC Liberal government has ordered BC Hydro to lock themselves into long term contracts with the Independent Power Producers (IPP), was it done intentionally, to gouge customers now or to take the IPP owners' assets later? or Both.

...... Norman Farrell   In-Sights  explains the How, or is it the Why, BC Hydro are losers while working under the thumbs of the BC Liberals Finance Committee.
In fiscal year 2015, BC Hydro purchased 13,377 GWh of electricity from independent power producers for $1,064,000,000 ($79,540 per GWh). In the same period, BC Hydro sold 14,020 GWh to large industrial users for $748,000,000 ($53,250 per GWh).

In other words, each GWh of power purchased from IPPs was resold for $26,290 less that it cost. However, the loss was not limited to $352 million since the utility had to pay distribution, administration and other overhead costs in addition to the power acquisition price.  
Its possible that the next provincial election results will require the government to revamp the BC Hydro game plan, not by deleting files, not by shredding Freedom Of Information requests, but by stealing legally.

Expropriation, the old way, 1945 vintage!!!!   YES, YES, YES

Social Credit Party leader W.A.C. Bennett (1953) is touted as the GRAND Father of BC Hydro, but in reality it was Coalition Leader Premier Hart who did the heavy lifting, both during the Second World War, and creating the BC Power Commission after the War.  Premier Hart's reward, was to have a Power Station named after him by his successor,  Premier Byron I. Johnson M.B.E, which if you're interested in some trivia before .... 'W.A.C. Who' .... came along:
 Johnson's government introduced compulsory health insurance, and a 3% provincial sales tax to pay for it. It expanded the highway system, extended the Pacific Great Eastern Railway, and negotiated the Alcan Agreement, which facilitated construction of the Kenney Dam, the first major hydroelectric project in the province. The government also coped with the devastating 1948 flooding of the Fraser River, declaring a state of emergency and beginning a programme of diking the river's banks through the Fraser Valley. Johnson is also noted for appointing Nancy Hodges as the first female Speaker in the British Commonwealth.

1949 Annual Report
John Hart at 68 still living in Campbell River.  More power from him
Premier Hart used Expropriation, and it can be done again.

There are two ways of acquiring assets Hydro assets, legally, using OIC.    Singular or Multiple / Plural

Page 8 of 24...... its Properties     plural

It was found on early consideration of rural distribution systems that there was a large potential area which could only be served economically through the acquisition and development of the plant and systems of West Canadian Hydro Electric Corporation, Ltd., and its associated companies.   Authority for this step was therefore requested and by an Oder in Council approved on June 15th, 1945, the Commission was authorized to take by expropriation the power plants and properties - Hope Utilities, Ltd., Alert Bay Utilities, Ltd., and Quesnel Light and Water Company, Ltd., - for the purpose of distribution of power in the North Okanagan, Hope, Alert Bay, and Quesnel Districts.

By an Order in Council approved on June 15th, 1945, a similar application was made and authorization was given in respect to Columbia-Vanderhoof Power Company, Ltd., with distribution in the Golden, Nakusp, Sechelt, William Lake, Smithers, and Vanderhoof Districts.

By an Order in Council approved on June 15th, a similar application was made and authorization was given in respect to Nanaimo - Duncan Utilities, Ltd., with distribution in Southern Vancouver Island and Saltspring Island Districts.

It was later found that Alert Bay Utilities, Ltd., merely held a franchise in the Alert Bay area, but was not operating, and that an associate company of West Canadian Hydro Electric Corporation, Ltd. (Power Pioneers), - the Pacific and WAter Company, Ltd., - actually operated in the area.  An application for authority to expropriate this last-named company was made.   As a result, by an Order in Council approved in July 20th, 1945, a similar authorization was given in respect of Pacific Power and Water Company, Ltd..

All the above-named mentioned plants and properties were expropriated pursuant to these Order in Council.

Page 11 of 24

"Electric Power"

Acquisition of Property

The Commission then proceeded to acquire and organize certain operating properties as a first step in a long-range programme which has for its ultimate objective the supplying of electrical service to any community in the Province whose residents are willing to pay the actual cost of the service.

Two areas within the Province appeared particularly adaptable, by reason of topography and the distritibution of existing and potential customers, for the development of extensive transmission and distribution systems.  These areas ---- Vancouver Island and North Okanagan --- each contain important urban as well as rural communities.  It was therefore decided to acquire the properties of Nanaimo-Duncan Utilities, Ltd., and West Canadian Hydro Electric Corporation, operating in the Vancouver Island areas respectively, as the first step in the development of two divisions, with offices at Nanaimo and Vernon.

As the scope of the "Electric Power Act" is limited only by the Province's boundaries.  To this end electrical properties at Smithers, Vanderhoof, Williams Lake, Golden, Nakusp, and Sechelt were acquired from Columbia Power Company, Ltd., and at Quesnel, Alert Bay ad Hope from West Canadian Hydro Electric Corporation and its associated companies.  At Terrace a limited distribution plant was acquired from Mr. Gordon Kerr.

As a result of these acquisitions the Commission had within five months of its establishment commenced the supplying of power to 13,270  consumers in two large operational divisions and ten power districts centered in small town or villages.  Its gross revenue was in excess of $1,000,000 per year, the undertaking generally being upon a sufficiently large scale to permit setting up a basic operating organization.
Premier Hart; with Anscomb, MacDonald, Carson, Perry   1945 - BC Power Commission
1. 1240-1945

Historical British Columbia Order In Council  "1945  BC Power Commission"


1. 1240-1945 

2. 1030-1945 

3. 1032-1945 

4. 0965-1945

5. 1031-1945

6. 1029-1945 

7. 1167-1945

Thursday, January 28, 2016

Gabriola Island Fixed Link Feasibility Study - January 2016 - Premier Christy Clark goes OH NO, NO, NO

For a Premier who blames others for saying NO, NO, NO to development, amazing what 24 hours will do for the spin doctoring.  Free Enterprise Party?

Gabriola Island Fixed Link Feasibility Study

Press Release Negative on Possibility, in other words, one word ... NO

Study concludes costs outweigh benefits of bridge to Gabriola Island wouldn't have the traffic of an old Massey Tunnel, nor the proposed Massey Bridge to sustain it, but .... if BC Ferries wanted to move out of Departure Bay to the east side of Gabriola to shorten the travel time to Horseshoe Bay, then the New bridge could be tolled in the same fashion as the Sea to Sky Highway, secretly.

Results of the Gabriola Island Fixed Link Feasibility Study conclude that while a bridge appears to be technically feasible, it would not be a cost-effective alternative to the current ferry link.
Because of this, Cost effectiveness, the Government of British Columbia will not consider a fixed link to Gabriola  Island AT THIS TIME.  - Minister Todd Stone
 We're glad its a NO-GO, but will it mean that those 'residents', those weekenders, those 'off-shore' investors, be going after the BC Liberals for the return of their contributions to the Party?

What about the naysayers of the Massey Tunnel being replaced with $3 billion bridge, ... 'costs outweighs the benefits' Delta to Lulu Island (Richmond).  What about public transit?

New Gold's Blackwater Gold Project went to BAT, BAP!!! Why isn't Mount Polley held to the same Gold standard of environment protection?

When was Imperial Metals given the Green light to restarting their Mount Polley Gold mine by Bill Bennett and Mary Polak?  Did they take the SAME steps as Canada's laws?   Did Mount Polley present a Tailings Alternative Assessment (TAA) and a Best Available Technology  (BAT) along with a Best Available Practices (BAP)  based on the Independent Investigation Review Panel findings for Mount Polley to Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency?

British Columbian taxpayers footed the bill for the report on Mount Polley Investigation on the Tailings Pond Breach


The Right Way

New Gold

Blackwater Gold Project

Executive Summary  (Page 3 of 642)

New Gold completed this Tailings Alternative Assessment (TAA) for the Blackwater Gold Project (Project) in response to a request from the British Columbia (BC) Environment Assessment Office (EAO; March 19, 2015) that ALL MININGS PROPONENTS consider the implentation of Best Available Technology (BAT) and Best Available Practices (BAP) identified by the Mount Polley Independent Investigation Review Panel (the Panel).

In a letter dated June 3, 2015, the Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency requested that environmental effects, as defined in section 5 of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012, be included as factors to be considered in the assessment of the preferred option.

 Has Imperial Metals completed these Six Steps?

• Step 1 – Identified initial candidate alternatives utilizing three tailings management technologies (thickened slurry, paste, and filtered ‘dry stack’ over a wide area of potential sites (23 candidates identified).
• Step 2 – Conducted a pre-screening assessment (fatal-flaw analysis) to eliminate any candidate that did not meet certain minimum criteria for the Project (10 candidates eliminated;  13 remained).
• Step 3 – Conducted a high level risk assessment (HLRA) to identify the lowest risk candidates for each of the tailings technologies, and eliminate the higher risk candidates from further consideration.
• Step 4 – Conducted a multiple accounts analysis (MAA) to identify BAT for the Blackwater Project (3 candidates eliminated; 1 selected candidate).
• Step 5 – Assessed the selected BAT candidate using a Failure Modes Effects Assessment (FMEA) to determine BAP including additional practices beyond those described in the Application/EIS that could further improve the physical safety of the impoundment.
• Step 6 – assessment of the impacts to Aboriginal rights and interests.

Page 54 of 642


Google Search:  Mount Polley BAT BAP

The University of Western Australia

BAT or BAP?  A review of some dramatic changes in tailings management in the recent past and potential changes in the future   43 Pages

Andy Fourie    School of Civil, Environmental  & Mining Engineering

Mount Polley, British Columbia, Canada

Itabirito, Minas Gerais, Brazil tailings pond

Cananea, Sonora, Mexico Tailings Pond

Dan River Steam Station Tailings Pond

Contrast 'conventional' tailings with thicker tailings
Provide examples; what worked, what perhaps did not work so well
The use of filtered tailings
Concluding comments

Tuesday, January 26, 2016

Buzz Words for BC Hydro Smart Grid generates WWWallpaper Industry AND a Site C Monitoring Commissioner

Funny, but how is it that an on-line visitor from Egypt, looking at our Blog image on BC Hydro' Smart Grid Pyramid, produce, after three hours of constructing this Post, to then discover that the British Columbia Utilities Commission (BCUC) insisted in a 1983 Decision on Site C, as a condition, a recommendation ... that the Government of British Columbia has chosen to ignore.

Specifically, in lieu of BCUC direct, day-to-day involvement in the Site C project, protecting the Public's interest ... there shall be a Monitoring Commissioner

Page 260 of 332  Monitoring Commissioner for Site C

Christy Clark mantra: Killing off public ownership of ..... BC Hydro ..... is as easy as .....

It shouldn't have come as a complete surprise to find a visitor arriving at our blog from Egypt, after all the
Pyramid is synonymous with Egypt
Qatar Foundation For Education, Science And Community Development

The BBC's image ranking places BC Hydro on the 'wide world web' as top of the line when it comes to the  Smart Grid Pyramid

 BC Hydro's fulfillment to Achieve energy self sufficiency by page 6 of 18

A Site C guarantee:
 All new electric generation will be net zero GHG or will offset GHG emissions (to the LNG industry)

Self Sufficiency  Free-For-All  GHG for Site C preparation: logging with wind powered machinery

The building blocks that BC Hydro hasn't explained to the public clearly is the use of the Alphabet on the Peace River eg. A,B,C,D,E   Where is E on Page 9?  Is it less to build than the $9 billion Site C?  And where is A and B and D?

In 1958, five additional potential sites were identified along the river

 Page 15 of 20

BC Hydro's words:

In 1982, although the BCUC recommended the project not move forward on the basis of a lack of need and insufficient review of project alternatives, it stated in its report:

*[While] the commission recognizes that major impacts will result from the Site C project, the commission concludes that they are not so large as to make them unacceptable.  Provided that appropriate conditions are placed on Hydro and the government responds to the special needs created in the region, the impacts can be successfully and acceptably managed.*
We went looking for that quote that BC Hydro didn't include a  Note to its source and came up with this.

Page 260 of 332  Monitoring Commissioner for Site C

Search for 1982    or  Treaty 8     137 pages

British Columbia Utilities Commission Decisions and Reports for 1983

Item 13

Go to this link and follow the instructions to Click to Download:

BC Hydro Energy Project Certificate Application for Site C - N/A - 1983-05-03
BC Hydro 

Monday, January 25, 2016

Hubert Beyer would have enjoyed reading this:'Let's have a Hansard' BC March 2, 1966 Terrace Omineca Herald: Editor Ruth M. Hallock

 Terrace "Omineca" Herald

Ruth M. Hallock, Editor, Catherine M. Fraser, Publisher

Government of the Day

Page 2 of 18
The current session (1966) of the Provincial Legislature  proves beyond a doubt that politicians are just performers at heart, and that some press representatives are only anxious to pick up items that are sensational enough to sell newspapers.

The combination is dangerous, and the daily newsmongers are having a heyday.

We hear reports of an inattentive House, wherein the Premier, the Cabinet Ministers and the backbenchers are disorderly, unmannerly, loud-mouthed and lacking dignity and decorum.  Our only means of proof  is the diatribe that emanates from Vancouver News service.

The Provincial Legislature has not Hansard.  There is no record kept of the addresses made by our representatives. There is no record of the response from other members.  There is simply no record, and no method of recording other than the press gallery.


All we have is a carbon copy of our own (Skeena) Member's address during the Budget Debates.  Mr. (Dudley George) Little has also fallen prey to the press gallery and the following quote indicates he too will resort to almost anything to attract the attention of fellow members of the House.
Aerial Views of Kitsumkalum 1950 - 1960

"Once a ferry was built on the Kalum River (Kitsumkalum River) to get a cow to her boyfriend.  Prior to the ferry being built, the farmer had to swim the cow across the river's icy waters and by the time the swim was accomplished, the cow was no longer in the mood.  If you think this was frustrating to the farmer, think of the poor cow's feelings! Twas rather expensive Government cooperation too --- but weren't the officials faces red --- when shortly after the ferry was put into use, the farmer sold the cow!"

It's likely Mr. Little's story got a big "HO HO" but it's doubtful it produced a movement within the Government to provide better access to the Kitwancool Valley.  At least one very productive sawmill is operating there, even though timber has to be transported some 45 miles out of the way before it gets to the saws.


Had the House been recording for a Hansard, it's doubtful Mr. Little or any other member would even consider making such an undignified presentation.

Let's have a provincial Hansard

George Little Park is situated in the heart of downtown Terrace.
 The Park was named after the town founder George Little and is a terrific gathering place for people to enjoy concerts, have a leisurely picnic or just to sit and visit with friends.


Activities and People


On January 22, a “dry” avalanche came down 28 mi. (45 km) west of Terrace. It wiped out a service station and motel-restaurant complex North Route along Highway 16. The service station had been built in 1964. It was located in the run-out zone of large avalanches that would probably occur once in about 15 years (Stethem and Schaerer 1979). According to a National Research Council report, tree growth patterns and broken wood in the area demonstrated that avalanches had reached the highway through two narrow gaps before the café was built. The North Route buildings stood directly in the path that dry, rapidly moving avalanches would be expected to take. “Unfortunately, the hazard was not recognized when the service center was built,” the report states. “And later, when avalanches did come close, the warning went unheeded.” (Terrace Standard, January 21, 2004). Several vehicles were also buried. Seven people were killed. *2)

The snow mass was estimated at 400 ft. (120 m) long, 100 ft. (30 m) wide, and 30 ft. (9 m) deep. The avalanche traveled 500-600 ft. (150-180 m) down and 1,000-1,500 ft. (300-450 m) across. D.D. Godfrey, Highways Department regional engineer for Burnaby, estimated the speed at which it traveled to be over 100 mph (160 km/h). The estimated speed of the avalanche when it hit the buildings was 108 km/h (Stethem and Schaerer 1979).

The avalanche snow ranged from 1-8 m in depth and was strewn with housing debris and trees up to 0.5 m in diameter. The average depth was 1 m, but the snow in the area surrounding the buildings was up to 8 m deep. The avalanche ran out on the ice of the Skeena River, with the tip of the deposit 250 m past the service centre. On several trees between the railroad and the river, snow was plastered on the north side of the tree trunks up to 30 ft. (9 m) above the tracks. Snowfalls at the accident site are usually greater than those at the Terrace airport. At the North Route site, the snowfall was probably greater by one third (Stethem and Schaerer 1979).

Earlier that morning, a Canada Post mail truck driver and only survivor, heard “a bunch of noise rattling outside.” He was told not to worry as “it’s way up in the hills.” Just after 8 a.m., the slide hit. “I heard it – just like a cannon shot,” he said. It pushed him through the wall of the coffee shop and 50 ft. (15 m) beyond.

During the rescue operations, a smaller slide occurred about a mile (1.6 km) from the disaster site. At 2:45 p.m., almost seven hours later the first body was found under 3.6 m of snow. Zobel was the second victim found, and he would be the only survivor. It was nearly 20 hours after the slide hit that the last bodies were found. The only other survivor was a husky. The dog was under a building and crawled out a couple of days later.

The coroner’s inquiry found that logging carried out by the service station owner was a contributing factor to the slide. He had logged off an area above his property on Highway 16. Warmer temperatures loosened the heavy snowpack on the mountain above the highway triggering a fast moving powder snowslide. (The Vancouver Sun, March 21, 1974).

Page 40 of 216


$3 Billion Bridge: Sinking Flood Plain Fund to replace Massey Tunnel

Christy Clark's Massey Tunnel Replacement with a $3 Billion Bridge Sinking Fund through Delta and Richmond flood zones seems like a total waste of financial resources when there's the possibility of the BIG ONE, the feared earthquake turning the dikes into quick sand.

The towers and bridge deck will still be visible for a hundred years from the high ground, accessible by boats and a lot more room to maneuver their LNG vessels on the 'Fraser River' channels to and from Tilbury's.

Surrey/Delta/Richmond Flood Plains

Queensburough Bridge & Port Mann Bridge approaches are flood plains, recognized by the Province and Federal Governments (responsible for dredging)(responsible for the Fish), but the NEW and Improved Bridge replacement will stand tall and quite possibly become the first, of many, links connecting Surrey with Vancouver. Richmond will cease to exist.

Newestminster / Coquitlam / Surrey Bridging flood plains

Surrey / Coquitlam Flood Plains


Burrard Inlet at Second Narrows will be okay except for the bit at the bottom of THE CUT

A Cut above above the flood plain dwellers
Now you know the reason why North Shore residents have the highest property assessments in British Columbia

January 27, 2016
Richmond News Letters

Dear Editor,

I think the George Massey Tunnel Replacement Project is not the right way to go at the current time. 

But, we sure need to improve the traffic in this region. I propose a new plan to merge the traffic pattern at the maximum efficiency for the commute, that is the Boundary Highway Plan!

The Boundary Highway (I named it) not only adds a new highway, but also reduces the traffic jam on the Highway 99 and the Alex Fraser Bridge.

This highway connects Boundary Road and the Highway 17 with an intersection at Highway 91. 

Hopefully, my idea would be considered.

The attached picture is the idea of my Boundary Highway Plan, which is marked as red.

Vincent Li


Change of topic. There is something that the BC Provincial government's Bill Bennett is doing for Snowmobilers or ATV operators during his hunting season.  They're providing the maps around Prince George of the Critical Habitat of the Caribou.   All nicely colour coded too.

Will the government be posting No Hunting signs?

 Can hunters read? 

Do they care?

Saturday, January 23, 2016

Who's the Media Mole at 911 leaking internal police bulletins on Dix and Pacific Centre visitors

NDP leader Adrian Dix failed to produce a ticket for the SkyTrain / Canada Line and the BC Liberals took great pleasure in using that leaked information for their own political gain.  Timing couldn't have been more perfect for their GCPE because Dix's 'crime' diverted the public's attention away from Compass Card fiasco, millions of dollars over budget and late of implementation by two years.  Compass Card was conceived to prevent miscreants from having a FREE ride on Translink and ironically the designers of the Compass Card are the only ones having a FREE ride at the public's trough.

Was it a MOLE in Translink's police department who leaked the Dix file to the local Vancouver Media or has there always been a Media MOLE in 911, the source for BOTH leaks at Nine One One  where all criminal and security and safety and first responders are overseen.
The men are described as Middle Eastern-looking.   According to photos shared by Vancouver Buzz   - Vancouver Sun

Vancity Buzz acquired an internal police bulletin through a tip on Thursday evening. The details of the bulletin were confirmed and discussed with police prior to the publication of the article.

Vancity Buzz: EDITOR’S NOTE: Since VPD has identified and deemed the men’s actions innocent, we have removed the images of the men in question.

Vancouver Sun Editorial January 23, 2016 : Security Leak is real issue, not investigation.  ..... release an internal security bulletin and surveillance photos to certain media      OR is the Media bribing (blackmailing) someone within our 911 security forces for their own financial gain?

A reminder shouldn't have to be made, but from an earlier Post here on Who's the Mole

Wednesday, January 20, 2016

1883 REPORT ON THE KOOTENAY INDIANS: who, by usage, may have claims for grazing or other purposes


BY MR.. A. S, FARWELL               Revelstoke 'birth name' was Farwell.
December, 31st 1883.

To the Honourable the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works :

SIR,—With reference to that portion of your letter of instructions, dated 14th July, 1883, bearing on the "number of Indians (if any) who, by usage, may have claims for grazing " or other purposes upon the lands proposed to be reclaimed, and generally upon Indian requirements in the locality," I beg to report as follows:—

On my arrival in Kootenay District, every white man I conversed with, without an exception, forcibly impressed on me the fact that the Kootenay Indians, as a whole, were extremely dissatisfied with the unsettled state of their land affairs, and that they looked on anyone with the semblance of an official capacity with suspicion. Under these circumstances I deemed it inexpedient to communicate directly with the Indians on any matter relating to their land claims, and confined myself to collecting what reliable information I could from white settlers and others I chanced to meet. As far as I have been able to ascertain, there has been no census taken of the Kootenay Indians, either by the Indian Department or anyone else. From the most reliable sources, I gather the Kootenay tribe of Indians number about 800,men, women, and children, and are divided, approximately, as follows:—450 British Indians, domiciled north of the international boundary line, and 200 American Indians residing in Idaho and Montana Territories; the remaining 150 Indians are migratory, receiving their share of the annuities paid by the United States Government, at its Agency on the Jocko River, in the Flathead reservation, Montana Territory, and claiming to be British Indians when they wander north of the boundary line. Of the 450 British Indians, 150 claim the Lower Kootenay as their country, from the boundary line, down Kootenay river, and through Kootenay Lake and its tributaries. The remaining 300 Indians consider the land along the Upper Kootenay River, from the boundary line at Tobacco Plains northward, to the Lower Columbia Lake, as theirs. The majority of these Upper Kootenays winter at St. Mary's Mission. This Mission is, at present, presided over by the Rev. Father Fouquet, and is situated on the right bank of St. Mary's River (Upstream from Fort Steele), about four miles from its confluence with Kootenay River. In the immediate vicinity of the church and mission buildings, the Indians have erected fifty-five houses, which are occupied by their families during the winter. The condition of these Indians has materially changed since the advent of gold seekers to the western slope of the Rocky Mountains, north of the boundary line. They formerly lived almost entirely on the products of the chase, and annually crossed to the eastern side of the mountains in quest of buffalo, their staple article of food. Shortly after the discovery of gold on Wild Horse Creek, (Fort Steel History) cattle owned by white men were wintered successfully along the east of the Columbia Lakes. The Indians since then have gradually accumulated small bands of cattle, and wintered them without material loss, with the exception of the winter of 1879-80; that season was an exceptional one. The late Mr. Milby, who had a large and valuable band of cattle running on the east side of the Columbia Lakes, lost nearly all of them, and the Indians, as I am informed by Mr. Baptiste Morigeau, lost about 500 head. The Upper Kootenays have entirely abandoned their old custom of crossing the mountains in pursuit of game, the buffalo having left their former haunts on the eastern slope of the mountains. The Indians now depend for their sustenance chiefly on their cattle, and the game and fish they can secure on the Upper Kootenay and Upper Columbia Rivers. These Indians at present own about 400 head of cattle and some 500 horses. The major part of their cattle have been wintered heretofore on the east side of the Columbia Lakes. This is a favourite grazing place of the Indians, and they felt very sore at its being pre-empted, occupied and fenced in by white settlers. Up to last April, the only person claiming land in the neighbourhood of these lakes is a Mr. Baptiste Morigeau, who has built a house and trading store on Morigeau Creek. This creek runs in on the east side of the Lower Columbia Lake, about 3 1/2 miles from its outlet.

A number of engineers and their assistants, employes of the Canadian Pacific Railway Syndicate, passed last winter on the Upper Columbia River in the vicinity of the railway crossing, and several of them on leaving that service last spring staked off and recorded land in the neighbourhood of the Columbia Lakes. On the 19th April last, E. J . Johnston recorded 80 acres, adjoining Morigeau's claim. On the 2nd June, F. W. Aylmer (Golden) recorded 320 acres on the right of the Columbia River, a few miles below the Columbia Lakes. On the 9th July last, F. P. Armstrong and D. Bellhouse recorded 320 acres and 80 acres respectively along the eastern shore of the Upper Lake. These last two records the Indians look on with particular disfavour, as they are located directly on their long-used and favourite cattle run. Numerous applications have also been filed for large tracts of meadow and grazing land between the Kootenay and Columbia Rivers, by different parties, chiefly stock-raisers from the North-West Territory. These Indians have been anxiously awaiting, year after year, the arrival of the "Commissioner," and are particularly angry and disappointed at no action having been taken during the past season towards defining their reserves. Isadore, the chief of the Upper Kootenays, resides on the right bank of the Kootenay River, about eight miles below Galbraith's Ferry. He is reputed to be well off in money, horses, and cattle. The latter he winters in the neighbourhood of his camp. He is considered by the white residents as a clever Indian, with very pronounced opinions, but amenable to sound arguments. He also bears a good character. One of his ideas is (in which he is joined by the majority of his followers) that there should be no fences, in order that every man's cattle might range at large.

I may remark here that all the Upper Kootenays are civil and good natured, and appear well disposed towards the whites. They are good horsemen and can make long journeys with rapidity and ease. They are well armed with Winchester rifles, and possess large quantities of ammunition. Nearly every Indian met on the trails has his rifle on the horn of his saddle and a belt full of cartridges. The Indian Reserve Commission will probably meet with more difficulty in satisfactorily assigning the Upper Kootenay Reserves than has been experienced in any other section of the Province. These Indians are in constant communication with the aborigines south of the boundary line, and are thoroughly acquainted with the vast extent of the American reservations.

The Flathead reservation, in Montana, is about 100 miles south-east from the boundary line, and contains 1,500,000 acres. The Colville, or Calispell reservation, in Washington Territory, bounded on the north by the 49th parallel of north latitude, on the south by Okanagan River, and on the east and south by Columbia River, contains 2,000,000 acres. Chief Moses' reservation, Washington Territory, joins the Calispell reservation on the west, and contains 2,000,000 acres. These quantities are only approximate. The American Indians are remunerated for the land which is taken from them, and receive annuities from the United States Government. The Kootenays are also well acquainted with the manner of dealing with the North-West Territory Indians, adopted by the Dominion Government, Some of the Upper and Lower Kootenays, the Flatheads, Calispells, and other Indians, frequently rendezvous at Old Kootenay Fort, on Musula Creek. Old Kootenay Fort is in the south-east bend of Kootenay River, about fifty miles south of the line. At this place the Indians meet to trade horses, &c, gamble, drink whiskey and dissipate generally. It is within the bounds of possibility that the undisturbed relations at present existing, between the very few white residents of Kootenay District, and the Indians may not be of long duration. The land complications above referred to are daily increasing, and there is little doubt that next spring, a number of stock-raisers and settlers will record land claims along the Upper Kootenay and Columbia rivers. I beg, therefore, to point out the grave necessity of settling the Indian land claims in this district at the earliest possible date. It is much to be regretted that the proper authorities failed to take steps in this direction during the past season, thereby permitting the difficulties, which have been known to exist in that portion of the Province for many years past, to accumulate to a very serious extent.

There is a small band of Shuswap Indians living in a village situate about five miles below the Lower Columbia Lake, on the right bank of Columbia River. They number thirty five men, women and children. Originally they came from Shuswap Lake, and now occasionally visit their relatives at Kamloops. This little settlement keep almost entirely to themselves. They possess a few horses and cattle, and appear comfortably off.


These Indians, including men, women, and children, number 157, divided as follows: Thirty-five men; 34 married women; 39 boys; 32 girls ; 4 widows, with 6 boys and 3 girls between them ; and 4 widows without encumbrances'. I obtained this statement from David McLoughlin, Esq., who resides 200 yards south of the boundary line. Mr. McLoughlin formerly had charge of the Hudson's Bay Co.'s trading post on the left bank of Kootenay River, at the Shepherd trail crossing, but on the decline of the mining interests on Wild Horse and neighbouring creeks, and the consequent closing out of the Hudson's Bay Co.'s business at that point, he took up a farm on the American side of the line. Mr. McLoughlin speaks the Kootenay language fluently, and is well acquainted with the habits and customs of the Indians. These natives are not nearly as civilized as the Upper Kootenays. They are indolent, poor, badly clothed and badly armed. They have no houses, and live, summer and winter, in lodges, constructed of poles covered with mats or hides. Mr. McLoughlin informs me that in former years, these Indians were supplied with seeds of different kinds, and they made efforts to raise potatoes, wheat, etc., but the uncertainty of securing their crops, through the flooding of the land, so thoroughly disheartened them, that they gave up farming in disgust; During the past season no seed of any kind was planted. From the same source I learn that these Indians, only a year or two since, possessed quite a number of horses and cattle. Their stock is now reduced to about eight or ten head of cattle and 60 horses. This decrease has been brought about by gambling. A great many of these Indians formerly wintered on Goat River, about nine miles north of the boundary line; now only two or three families winter there. A few families winter close to Mr. McLoughlin's house, and the remainder winter on Jerome Creek, some eight miles south of the line.

They run their stock in the winter on Goat River, and between McLoughlin's and Jerome Creek. As the summer advances, and the water recedes, the Indians move down the river and fish, and take their stock with them. In the event of the Reclamation Scheme being a success, I am of opinion, a reserve of, say, 1,000 acres of grass land, in the neighbourhood of Goat River, would be sufficient. In case the lessee fails to drain these bottom lands, the Indians will practically have the run of the whole country, as they have had for years past.

I have the honour to be,


Your obedient servant,


1985 DTES 'Uneducated consumer' on social assistance sold a vacuum cleaner

Enforcement Report; Summary of Trade Practices Act Enforcement Activities

Consolidated Foods Corporation Ltd.






Totally unrelated to vacuum cleaners, but is related to the Reum's, indirectly

 BC  Provincial airways history

Tuesday, January 19, 2016

To Gary Mason and Christy Clark: eg. A UBC professor on a sabbatical to China is still a TAXPAYER, here

Does Premier Christy Clark actually read the local newspapers and understand the words?  Does she listen to her Constituents in Kelowna?  Does she ever step off her soap box to make a logical comment such as foreigners snapping up local property as tax havens in the form of bungalows which are left to rot?

Two examples that Christy Clark and her handlers dreamed up, and Journalist Gary Mason accepts at face value without a comment, he just nods off and hits SEND button to the Globe and Mail editors.

Gary says / writes:
Now, it’s not a perfect solution, admittedly. And as B.C. Premier Christy Clark indicated on Monday, there could be problems implementing it. As an example, she cited a university professor who goes on sabbatical for a year in China and isn’t using her house. Is she going to be taxed? Or a senior citizen who finds himself in hospital for a long stretch of time. Would he be taxed, too?

First Example

A university professor from Northern BC, UBC, SFU, goes on a sabbatical to China for a year leaving her house intact but vacant.   Her insurance company would have a word or two to say about that, the last bit, such as the property and premises have to be looked in on every four days by a third party to ensure that nothing is happening that would increase the possibility of damages, claims being made  by the professor a year later.  The professor, even though she is in China or Australia or anywhere on planet Earth or joy riding on a Russian Rocket to the international space station is still a taxpayer here in Canada, here in British Columbia, here as a property owner paying tax assessments.

There is an escape clause for Christy Clark's example.  The professor is on a sabbatical from China first, who happens to have purchased property locally AND has acquired her current tenure at UBC and is on her sabbatical from UBC to her homeland for a year.......

Second example

A senior citizen, and for clarification for Gary and Christy's benefit, a senior, or any aged 'citizen, is a legally recognized subject or national of a state or commonwealth, either native or naturalized' who finds themselves in hospital, for a long time, is STILL a taxpayer, is still a Canadian, living in British Columbia, residing in Metro Vancouver, and is still a registered voter.  NOTE: Health Minister Terry Lake may want to confiscate the senior citizen's property to cover MSP bills.

Gary Mason, Globe and Mail

Snip .....On Monday, a group of economists from the University of B.C. and Simon Fraser University – frustrated over the inability of the provincial government to do something to address what has become a festering public-policy issue – unveiled a plan of its own.

Under the proposal devised by the 10 economists from the universities’ business schools, a property surtax of 1.5 per cent would be levied on vacant properties whose owners have no or limited taxable earnings in Canada.

The academics estimated the surtax could generate as much as $90-million in Vancouver alone, a sum they suggested could be redistributed to tax-paying residents of the city.

What many like about the idea is that it would target non-resident foreign owners, tax evaders and others who are using the proceeds of crime to buy homes in Greater Vancouver and laundering their dirty money in the process.

Now, it’s not a perfect solution, admittedly. And as B.C. Premier Christy Clark indicated on Monday, there could be problems implementing it. As an example, she cited a university professor who goes on sabbatical for a year in China and isn’t using her house. Is she going to be taxed? Or a senior citizen who finds himself in hospital for a long stretch of time. Would he be taxed, too?

It’s certainly fair enough for the Premier to flag these potential issues. But I still think the plan has a lot of merit. And I’m sure there are enough smart people in the province’s ministry of finance to come up with plausible solutions to some of these impediments.

Personally, I’m not sure about the idea of redistributing the surtax money to residents. Why not use it to build rental stock or help first-time home buyers some way?

In Canada, we hear the federal government is trying to learn more about the issue. But we haven’t seen anything from Ottawa or the B.C. government that suggests they’re prepared to go to the same kind of lengths the U.S. Treasury Department is, for example, to try to identify, and penalize, those largely responsible for what is happening.

The surtax that the university economists are recommending would not be a panacea. It is doubtful it would do much to stem the tide of foreign money pouring into Greater Vancouver real estate.

But at least it begins to acknowledge we have a problem and that it needs to be addressed somehow. And if governments in this country don’t have time to think of ways to address the situation, maybe they can listen to others who do.  .....Snip

Home Insurance Questions and Answers:

What things could happen to my property that won’t be covered unless I make special arrangements?
Here’s one example: damage arising from the freezing of indoor plumbing is seen as preventable. So, if you are away from home for more than three consecutive days (be sure to verify your insurer’s stipulations) during the normal heating season, you must drain the plumbing or arrange to have your home checked daily by a knowledgeable person to ensure that heat is maintained. If you do not make these arrangements and your pipes burst, you may end up covering the clean-up bill.