Monday, May 7, 2018

Dusting off a 40 year old Federal report on Kinder Morgan: 'West Coast Oil Port Inquiry' included BC '3 existing refineries'

In the 1978 version of the proposed Trans Mountain Pipe Line aka Kinder Morgan there were supposed to be three refineries in Burrard Inlet that would justify the volume required for their expansion plans.   The reality in 2018 is the bulk of the petroleum products deviates at Sumas and heads to the US west coast's Cherry Point.  The new, and improved, pipe line is of little benefit to British Columbians when we are continued to be held captive by Ottawa and Alberta.  Where's the benefit for us when he have to pay a higher toll on our needs, of petroleum products, the highest in Canada. 


Page 8      Issues  Facing the Inquiry

My terms of Reference authorize me to inquire into the environmental, social and navigational safety aspects of oil port proposals and the general public concerns about oil tanker traffic on the west coast of Canada.  There are no inconsequential matters.  I am not to prepare a mere cataloque of concerns or an etiquette of environmental "do's and don't".  Rather, this Inquiry involves what many residents of British Columbia see as life and death issues.  These residents are not extremists.  A great many ordinary citizens of this province are apprehensive.  So far fears about oil spill on this coast are based mostly on fictional scenarios, many of will no doubt prove to be exaggerated when all the evidence is heard. These fears are nonetheless real.   Moreover, I cannot now set these concerns at rest, because I have not been satisfied thus far that a major oil spill in British Columbia coastal waters is unlikely or without the potential for catastrophic consequences.

Because these concerns about a Major oil spill cannot be dismissed, this Inquiry is not merely about the mitigation of adverse environmental, social and navigational safety impacts --    it is about whether an oil port should be built at all!



Page 58
Containment procedures are effective only if deployed quickly, and the equipment only performs satisfactorily in a limited range of wind and current conditions.  Clean-up technology is primitive.
One witness stated only half jokingly that the greatest recent advance in technology that he was aware of was the substitution of long-handled rakes for short-handled ones! 
While detailed evidence about the methods of containment and clean-up is planned to be called in a subsequent phase of the formal hearings, I received first-hand accounts of the efforts to deal with the 20,000 gallon oil spill which occurred at Steveston last August.  At the community hearing we were shown slides depicting the deployment of a boom and the labour of sopping up spilled oil from a skiff using mats of absorbants.  I was given a view from a skiff from a fish boat and could see that the clean-up did not cope with oil saturating the rocky shoreline and clinging to the pilings and beams of docks and buildings.  Polluted march grasses had been dealt with by close-cropping and it was unclear whether the cure or the disease was the greater calamity.

  I cite this evidence to make the point that I am not at all satisfied at this stage in the Inquiry that the Government of Canada is organized to deal effectively with oil spills. There was evident confusion and delay in response to the Steveston spill.  It was disconcerting to discover that at Sooke, a tourist, fishing and logging community on the Strait of Juan de Fuca dependent on a natural harbour of unique beauty, no one could discover from the authorities whether there was any plan for community response to an oil spill or even who would be in charge.


Page 58
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Page 59
..... At the community hearing we were shown slides depicting the deployment of a boom and the labour of sopping up spilled oil and a skiff using mats of absorbents.  I was given a view of the spill from a fish boat and could see that the clean-up did not cope with oil saturating the rocking shoreline and clinging to the pilings and beams of docks and buildings.  Polluted marsh grasses had been dealt with by close-cropping and it was unclear whether the cure of the disease was the greater calamity.


Page  85
If Kitimat is to become a major North American oil port moving Alaskan oil to U.S. markets it would be placed under the Canada-U.S. Transit Pipeline Treaty brought into force October 1st, 1977.  That treaty is based on two basic principles, uninterrupted transmission of hydrocarbons and non-discrimination.

In the treaty each nation has agreed that it shall not impose any fee, tax or other monetary charge for the use of a pipeline transmitting American hydrocarbons unless it also charges such fee or tax to similar pipelines in its own country.

Page 88

Even if the desirable Canadian energy policy is to construct an oil port at Kitimat, this project should be rejected if the oil spill risks are too high, just as the Americans have rejected Puget Sound locations for transshipment port facilities.



Page 117
 ... this Inquiry is directed to examine social and economic impacts as well as environmental impacts, and is to study navigational safety and general public concerns about west coast tanker traffic

 Page 112

The second proposal was by Trans Mountain Pipe Line Co. Ltd, which operates the pipeline system that brings Alberta oil from Edmonton to WEST COAST REFINERIES.  Trans Mountain's partner in this proposal was the Atlantic Richfield Co.  (ARCO) which operates a major refinery at Cherry Point, Washington, and is also one of the major producers in the north slope oilfield in Alaska.  This proposal was to deliver oil to expanded ARCO docking facilities at Cherry Point, just a few miles south of the Canada-U.S. border.  The Trans Mountain pipeline system would then be engineered to enable it to receive offshore crude, deliver it to the refineries in the Puget Sound region, and also deliver it into the Trans Mountain system.  This system would operate on an alternating-flow basis to carry the offshore crude oil to Edmonton where is could enter the INTERPROVINCIAL PIPE LINE system for delivery to the northern tier states.  The SCHEME was to continue the flow of Alberta crude oil to British Columbia refineries for part of each month and to reverse the flow for the remainder of the month.

Page 117

The unique characteristic of this type of inquiry is that it is CENTERED ON A MAJOR DEVELOPMENT PROJECT --- in the Berger Inquiry, a northern natural gas pipeline, and in this case a west coast crude oil port.  The novelty is not that hearings have been held into a development project:  in the case of pipelines, the National Energy Board has conducted public hearings into the feasibility of oil and gas pipeline proposals since the Board was established under the National Energy Board Act in 1959.  What is different about the new project-oriented inquiries is the broad ranging scope of their terms of reference.  In requiring an assessment of ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS, these terms of reference can be seen to have their roots in the heightened environmental consciousness that swept North America in the 1960's and, for the United States, manifested itself in the requirement for impact assessment contained in the NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT, 1969 (NEPA).  Indeed, the terms of reference of this Inquiry are even broader in scope than the mandate of that Act because this Inquiry is directed to examine social and economic impacts as well as environmental impacts, and is to study navigational safety and general public concerns about west coast tanker traffic.


Page 162 / 163


The following persons (204) appeared before the Inquiry: (Are Today's concerned citizens related ....)


Victor  Adolph
Sharif Ahmed
Kathleen Andersen
Johnny Andrew
Mary Lou Andrews
Greg  Arnold
L.C. Audette
Arthur Bain
Louisa Basil
Steven Basil
Wendy Bender
Veronica Bikadi
Edgar Birch
Trevor  Bishop
Sandra Bourque
Gary  Bousquet
H. Kent Bowden
Dan Bowditch
Forbes Boyd
Lee Boyko
Wayne Bradley
Dr. William Brewer
Jack Brooks
Herbert Buchanan
Ian Burneet
Shirley Busch
Wolfgang Busch
L.J. Bush
A.C. Campbell
Dr. Roy Carlson
Cyril Carpenter
Fred Carpenter
Steve Carpenter
Jim Carr
Maxwell Cheyne
Carol  Clark
Cathy Clark
John Clark
George Cotterill
Frank Cox
Harvey Currie
John Daly
Henry Dan
Owen Davies
Ron Denman
Margaret DeWees
Harry  Diamond
Fred Dobbs
Henry Droege
Robert H. Ferguson
Duncan Finlay
Warren Freeborne
Gerald Gabriel
Gary  Gallon
Virginia Gareau
Kanwal Gill
Philip Gladstone
George Graves
Frank Gray
Pat  Green
Douglas Hagerman
Ken Hall
Tom  Henly
Aloysius Henry
Marc Hershman
Bernard Heskin
Ian Hilton
Walter Ironside
Michael Jackson
Faith Jacobsen
Gunnar Jacobsen
Bill James
Susan James
William  Jarvie
John Jensen
Gladys Joe
Adrian Jones
Johnnie Jones
Joe  Joseph
Rose Joseph
Archie Kaario
Godfrey Kelly
Hoss Kristinsson
John Ladislaus
Otto E. Langer
Gordon Larkin
Martina Larochelle
Charles Lean
Bernice Leech
Mike  Leech
Walter Leech
J.M. Leeming
Theodore LeGros
Ronnie Lester
Ira Liebowitz
Lavina Lightbown
Edward Lipsett
Charlie Mack
Norman McPhee
Bruce  MacRae
Flora Manion
Paul Manson
George Manuel
Daphne Marlatt
William  Mathews
Barry Mawhinney
Bobby Javamanga Mellors
Doug Miller
Edith Moore
John Moore
Julie Moore
Roger Moore
Johnny Morgan
Jo-Ann Morris
W.S.G. Morrison
David Morton
Derek Morton
Bert Mugford
Albert Nelson
Edwin Neuman
Frank Niishi
Ernie Novakowski
Bert Ogden
Rick Olding
George Olsen
Ralph Overgaard
Maxine Pape
Paul Paquin
Ray Parfitt
Katherine Pascal
Archie Patrick
Wayne Patterson
Will Paulik
Charles Perkins
William  Perrine
Stan Persky
John Person
Benjamin Peters
Ray Phillips
Ross Pitre
Steve Point
Michael Press
Roland Priddle
John Prichard
Victor  Reese
Ron  Richards
Wilf Rigter
Arnold Ritchie
Baptiste Ritchie
Frank Rivers
Jean Robison
Charles  Roe
Rosie Ross
William  Ross
Larry  Rumsby
Charles Rushton
Jim Rushton
Gerald St. Martin
Tom  Sampson
Doug Sandberg
Douglas Sanders
James Scotchman
John P. Secter
Dave Serry
Ted Seward
Evelyn Shintah
Bill Sigurgeirson
Paul Sigurgeirson
Peter Simon
James  Simpson
Maureen Simpson
Dr. Richard Stace-Smith
Rose Stage
Cliff  Stainsby
Lloyd Starr
Helbert Stavenes
Homer Stevens
Harold Steeves
Kathy Stewart
John Stgant
Don  Taylor
Saul  Terry
Eddie Thevarge
George Thom
Karl Thomas
Gordon Thomson
Walter Tickson
Ian Todd
Norma Turner
Dr. James Tyhurst
Eric Wang
Bob  Ward
John V. Watkins
Dr. Ruth Weiner
Marietta Wells
Larry C. Wiese
Arnold Williams
Gay Williams
John Williams
Lorna Williams
Mary Williams
Derek Wolff
Jim Wright
Alan York




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