- a person of East Asian descent.
Certified Copy of a Report of a Committee of the Honourable the Executive Council, approved by His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor on the 16th day of April, A.D. 1928
The Committee of Council submit for the approval of His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor a Resolution of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of British Columbia of March 14th, 1928, as follows :-
Whereas it has been publicly announced that there is to be an exchange of Ministers between Canada and Japan:
And whereas it is the intention of this Legislature, representing the people of this Province, to do the utmost in its power to prevent further encroachment upon industrial, trading, and agricultural activities within British Columbia by any race or races whose customs or practices or economic standards of living may threaten eventually to lower the recognized Canadian standard of living, and of any race or races with whom it is not desirable that Canadians should intermarry:
And whereas at the beginning of 1927 there were in British Columbia 46,500 Orientals, or approximately one in every twelve persons, and in 1925 there were in British Columbia more than 11,000 Orientals employed in industry and 3,231 conducting business in licensed trades and callings:
And whereas Orientals own land and improved property in British Columbia to an aggregate value of more than $10,000,000:
And whereas the Japanese birth-rate in British Columbia is 40 per 1,000 as compared with a general birth-rate (not including native Indians) of 18 per 1,000, and in three years the number of Japanese children in the public schools of British Columbia has increased by 74 per cent and now totals approximately 4,000 children:
And whereas, of the Orientals arriving in Canada during the past twenty years, British Columbia has absorbed 80 per cent. of the Chinese and almost 100 per cent of the Japanese:
And whereas the presence of such large numbers of Orientals and their economic activities constitute a serious menace to the welfare of all classes of other citizens, including those engaged in agriculture, commercial business, professional occupations, and labourers in industry:
And whereas it is alleged that the administration of public and commercial affairs in Japan, particularly in so far as concerns the collection of taxes, the ownership of land, the control of shares in public utility corporations, and the ordinary economic advancement of citizens, is such as to unjustly discriminate against nationals of Canada resident in Japan and not in accord with the spirit of treaties executed on the "most-favoured-nation" plan:
And whereas the people of Canada and the Governments of the other Canadian Provinces have heretofore apparently failed to realize the seriousness of the Oriental problem and the necessity of proper and effective action dealing therewith:
And whereas resolutions passed by this House from time to time requesting Federal action in this matter have brought no adequate results:
Be it therefore Resolved, That the Dominion Government be requested to immediately institute negotiations with the Government or Governments of China, and with the Japanese Government through an accredited Minister to Japan, with a view to arranging:-
(a.) The acceptance of the proposals for restricting Oriental immigration which have so frequently been adopted by this Legislature and which were outlined by British Columbia's representatives at the recent Federal-Provincial Conference at Ottawa:
(b.) The repatriation of the Chinese and Japanese residing in British Columbia to the countries of their respective origin so that the proportion of Orientals in Canada to the Canadian population shall not exceed the proportion of Canadians in China and Japan respectively to the population of China and Japan:
(c.) The substitution for the present Treaty with Japan of one giving due recognition to the rights of British Columbia as a Province of Canada to enact legislation with reference to property and civil rights, as allowed by the "British North America Act."
And be it further Resolved, That a copy of this Resolution and Preamble be transmitted to the Governments of all the other Canadian Provinces and to the Government of Canada.
The Committee advise that a copy of this Minute be forwarded to the Governments of all the other Canadian Provinces and to the Government of Canada.
May 15, 2014
Vaughn Palmer Apology closes the circle on a day of infamy 86 years ago
Hence Thursday’s all-party resolution apologizing to Chinese Canadians (“the house deeply regrets”) and expressing no small measure of admiration for their perseverance in the face of chronic racism:
“We acknowledge that despite being subjected to discriminatory laws, policies and practices, the Chinese community has made, and continues to make, substantial contributions to the culture, history and economic prosperity in our province.”
Debate on the resolution occupied much of the day with worthy moments on both sides of the house. SNIP
BC NDP Documents from 1928