British Columbia's Legislature operates under a "unicameral" system, rather than a "multicameral". We thought that the latter system would be more applicable because Canada's, and therefore British Columbia's, have communities containing multiple cultures: "multiculturism".
In a book called "Publications of the Government of British Columbia 1871 - 1947", on Page 5 of 251, all is explained...... sort of... which led us to have a look at other systems, ones that would stop Christy Clark from preening and grandstanding in front of a camera .....on taxpayers money as mentioned by RossK aka The Gazetteer.
By now you should be asking yourself just what is this "animal", this Unicameral??????? is it related to the Unicorn..........? Latin uni, one + camera, chamber
We turned our attention to Google with this search criteria: unicameral legislature. 4.3 million hits.
Wikipedia on Unicarmeral:
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber. Thus, a unicameral parliament or unicameral legislature is a legislature which consists of one chamber or house. Unicameral legislatures typically exist in small and homogeneous unitary states, where a second chamber is considered unnecessary.British Columbia unicameral legislature has two partners, working hand in hand......
The Legislative Assembly of British Columbia is one of two components of the Legislature of British Columbia, the provincial parliament (the other is the Queen of Canada, represented by the Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia).
A "Yahoo! Answers" search for unicameral legislature came up with a differing opinion with Benjamin Franklin putting in his two cents by promoting bicameralism:
One of the arguments in favor of bicameralism was that one chamber should represent the wealthy class of society, while the other should represent all free men. In 1789, the state of Pennsylvania considered a change from unicameralism to bicameralism in its government. That year, Franklin wrote Queries and Remarks Respecting Alterations in the Constitution of Pennsylvania to record his opposition to bicameralism.
Wikipedia's take on "Bicameralism:
Bicameralism is an essential and defining feature of the classical notion of mixed government. Bicameral legislatures tend to require a concurrent majority to pass legislation.
Concurrent majority refers in general to the concept of preventing majorities from oppressing minorities by allowing various minority groups veto power over laws. The most vocal proponents of the theory have tended to be minority groups, such as farmers in an industrial society or nonwhites in a predominately white society. The concurrent majority is intended to prevent the tyranny of the majority that can otherwise occur in an unlimited democracy.
As to Multicameralism......
- Polycentric law
- Separation of powers
- List of national legislatures
Check out Concept and you'll find this:
Proponents of unicameralism have also argued that it reduces costs, as even if the number of legislators is the same as it would be in a multicameral system, there are fewer institutions to maintain and support.
The main weakness of a unicameral system can be seen as the lack of restraint on the majority, particularly noticeable in parliamentary systems where the leaders of the parliamentary majority also dominate the executive. There is also the risk, depending on how seats are allocated in the legislature, that important sectors of society may not be adequately represented.
In the beginning, the BC Legislature building, the precinct, did not have political parties. Constituents were represented by their MLA, answerable to the Constituents. The MLAs decided who were going to be the Premier, who were going to be the Ministers. If there were "failures", the Ministers would be replaced by another MLA. No party lines, just a majority of MLAs forming a government whereby there were many MLAs crossing the floor because of the issues at hand. Over simplification you might say, but the point here is that ...In the beginning.... our Legislature was not built upon Partisan politics, them against us, that now are present. In the beginning, we all worked to make British Columbia a better place than when we found it.... but now it's more like the Government, the majority will do anything....even use close to $70 million of our money, our tax money, to pave the way to another majority. That's criminal... if our foreparents, our foreUncle and Aunts, were to see the bickering that goes on now.....
Party government was not introduced into British Columbia until June 1, 1903 when Richard McBride announced the formation of a Conservative administration. The general election held later that year was the first to be fought along formal party lines.Source: BC Legislative Library
Prior to 1903, elections were fought and governments were formed by groups, or factions. Allegiances were often more personal than political and were not fixed