REPORT OF MR. JUSTICE ARCHIE CAMPBELL
34 pages in length
Clifford Olsen is the only Canadian mentioned in this REPORT, all other monsters are from "other" countries, and yet Pickton WAS at large before, during and after Paul Benardo was sent to jail. Here it is 2011 and its only just NOW that there is a Commission being held in in British Columbia.
Will the police forces of Canada ever learn anything from the findings of these Commissions?
Between May of 1987 and December of 1992, Paul Bernardo raped or sexually assaulted at least eighteen women in Scarborough, Peel, and St. Catharines and killed three women in St. Catharines and Burlington.
Paul Bernardo is a unique type of criminal, a determined, organized, mobile, sadistic serial rapist and killer who demonstrates the ability of such predators to strike in any Ontario community. The tragic history of this case, and similar cases from other countries, shows that these predators pose a unique challenge to the systemic investigative capacity of local law enforcement agencies throughout North America and Europe. The Bernardo case proves that Ontario is no exception.
This is a review of the work done by local and provincial law enforcement and forensic agencies during the Bernardo investigations.
The Bernardo case, like every similar investigation, had its share of human error. But this is not a story of human error or lack of dedication or investigative skill. It is a story of systemic failure.
It is easy, knowing now that Bernardo was the rapist and the killer, to ask why he was not identified earlier for what he was. But the same question and the same problems have arisen in so many other similar tragedies in other countries.
Virtually every interjurisdictional serial killer case including Sutcliffe (the Yorkshire Ripper) and Black (the cross-border child killer) in England, Ted Bundy and the Green River Killer in the United States and Clifford Olsen in Canada, demonstrate the same problems and raise the same questions. And always the answer turns out to be the same - systemic failure. Always the problems turn out to be the same, the mistakes the same, and the systemic failures the same.
What is needed is a system of case management for major and interjurisdictional serial predator investigations, a system that corrects the defects demonstrated by this and so many similar cases. A case management system is needed that is based on cooperation, rather than rivalry, among law enforcement agencies. A case management system is needed that depends on specialized training, early recognition of linked offences, co-ordination of interdiscip linary and forensic resources, and some simple mechanisms to ensure unified management, accountability and co-ordination when serial predators cross police borders.
There were times during the separate investigations of the Scarborough rapes and the St. Catharines rapes and murders that the different police forces might as well have been operating in different countries. As one Metro investigator said about the way the Scarborough rapist looked in 1992, before Bernardo was identified:
“This boy is better than we might give him credit for, or he's fallen through the cracks.”
Because of the systemic weaknesses and the inability of the different law enforcement agencies to pool their information and co-operate effectively, Bernardo fell through the cracks.
The Bernardo case shows that motivation, investigative skill, and dedication are not enough. The work of the most dedicated, skilful, and highly motivated investigators and supervisors and forensic scientists can be defeated by the lack of effective case management systems and the lack of systems to ensure communication and cooperation among law enforcement agencies.
Some of the systemic weaknesses have been identified and corrected in Ontario through changes in investigative procedures and advances in the application of forensic science. Other systemic weaknesses urgently require correction in order to guard against a tragic repetition of the problems that arose in the Bernardo investigations. SNIP
Willie Pickton broke through that guard, and there were tragic repetitions.